Gunmen stormed a mosque and opened fire on worshippers after a suicide bomb attack during Friday prayers.
Witnesses reported a blast followed by gunfire, according to a Kabul police official.
Several people are feared dead in the attack with local media reporting multiple injuries.
Specialist police teams have been deployed in the area.
Ambulances were quick to the scene and the injured were rushed to hospital.
Interior Ministry spokesman Najib Danish confirmed the attack and claimed security services were quick to the scene.